AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 1075–1087

HIV Interventions to Reduce HIV/AIDS Stigma: A Systematic Review

  • Sohini Sengupta
  • Bahby Banks
  • Dan Jonas
  • Margaret Shandor Miles
  • Giselle Corbie Smith
Review Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-010-9847-0

Cite this article as:
Sengupta, S., Banks, B., Jonas, D. et al. AIDS Behav (2011) 15: 1075. doi:10.1007/s10461-010-9847-0

Abstract

We reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of HIV-related interventions in reducing HIV/AIDS stigma. Studies selected had randomized controlled trial (RCT), pretestposttest with a non-randomized control group, or pretestposttest one group study designs in which HIV-related interventions were being evaluated, and in which HIV/AIDS stigma was one of the outcomes being measured. A checklist was used to extract data from accepted studies, assess their internal validity, and overall quality. Data were extracted from 19 studies, and 14 of these studies demonstrated effectiveness in reducing HIV/AIDS stigma. Only 2 of these 14 effective studies were considered good studies, based on quality, the extent to which the intervention focused on reducing HIV/AIDS stigma, and the statistics reported to demonstrate effectiveness. Future studies to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma could improve by designing interventions that pay greater attention to internal validity, use validated HIV/AIDS stigma instruments, and achieve both statistical and public health significance.

Keywords

HIVAIDSReviewIntervention studiesProgram evaluation

Supplementary material

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sohini Sengupta
    • 1
  • Bahby Banks
    • 3
  • Dan Jonas
    • 4
  • Margaret Shandor Miles
    • 5
  • Giselle Corbie Smith
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Center For Faculty ExcellenceThe University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-Chapel Hill)Chapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Social Medicine, School of MedicineUNC-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services ResearchUNC-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Department of Medicine, School of MedicineUNC-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  5. 5.School of NursingUNC-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  6. 6.Division of General Medicine and Clinical EpidemiologyUNC-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  7. 7.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public HealthUNC-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA