Correlates of HIV Risk Among Injecting Drug Users in Sixteen Ukrainian Cities
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We present findings from a HIV survey using respondent driven sampling among 3,711 injecting drug users (IDUs) in 16 cities in Ukraine in 2008. Eligible participants were males and females who injected drugs in the past 1 month, ≥16 years and lived/worked in their respective interview area. The impact of injecting and sexual risk behaviors on HIV-infection were analyzed using four logistic models. Overall HIV prevalence was 32%. In the sexual risk model, paying for sex in the past 3 months and condom use during last sex increased the odds of HIV infection. Being female, having greater than 3 years of injection drug use, always sharing equipment and using alcohol with drugs in the past month remained significant in all four models. These findings indicate the urgent need to scale up peer education, needle exchange and methadone substitution programs for IDUs with specific programs targeting the needs of female injectors
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- Correlates of HIV Risk Among Injecting Drug Users in Sixteen Ukrainian Cities
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 15, Issue 1 , pp 65-74
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Injecting drug users
- Sexual risk behaviors
- Respondent driven sampling
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Graduate School for Social Research, Nowy Swiat Street, 72, GSSR, PAN, Warsaw, Poland
- 2. Department of International Health & Development, Tulane University School of Public Health & Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
- 3. ICF International HIV/AIDS Alliance in Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine