AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 1275–1282

Beyond Sugar Daddies: Intergenerational Sex and AIDS in Urban Zimbabwe

  • Robert Wyrod
  • Katherine Fritz
  • Godfrey Woelk
  • Sheila Jain
  • Timothy Kellogg
  • Admire Chirowodza
  • Knox Makumbe
  • Willi McFarland
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-010-9800-2

Cite this article as:
Wyrod, R., Fritz, K., Woelk, G. et al. AIDS Behav (2011) 15: 1275. doi:10.1007/s10461-010-9800-2

Abstract

In a survey of 1,313 men reporting on 2,465 partnerships recruited at beer halls in Harare, Zimbabwe, 2.5% met a definition of “sugar daddy”: men with a non-marital partner at least 10 years younger and under 20 years old, and exchanged cash or goods for sex. Men engaging in intergenerational sex with a teenage woman had similar HIV prevalence, incomes, and condom use as men in other partnerships. Most men (62.3%) had partners 5 or more years younger, with wider age gaps in longer-term relationships. Condom use was less common within married and steady partnerships compared to casual and more common with younger women. The most common form of intergenerational sex, with the widest age gap and lowest condom use, occurs within marriages and steady partnerships. Such “conventional” intergenerational sex may play the pivotal role in sustaining a generalized epidemic across generations and present the most difficult challenge to prevention.

Keywords

Sugar daddy Intergenerational sex Cross-generational sex Zimbabwe HIV 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Wyrod
    • 1
  • Katherine Fritz
    • 2
  • Godfrey Woelk
    • 3
  • Sheila Jain
    • 4
  • Timothy Kellogg
    • 4
  • Admire Chirowodza
    • 5
  • Knox Makumbe
    • 5
  • Willi McFarland
    • 4
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for AIDS Prevention StudiesUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.International Center for Research on WomenWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.Department of Community MedicineUniversity of ZimbabweHarareZimbabwe
  4. 4.San Francisco Department of Public HealthSan FranciscoUSA
  5. 5.The Harare Beerhall InterventionHarareZimbabwe
  6. 6.Department of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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