AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 186–192

HIV and Related Risk Behavior Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Zanzibar, Tanzania: Results of a Behavioral Surveillance Survey

  • Mohammed Dahoma
  • Lisa G. Johnston
  • Abigail Holman
  • Leigh Ann Miller
  • Mahmoud Mussa
  • Asha Othman
  • Ahmed Khatib
  • Ramadhan Issa
  • Carl Kendall
  • Andrea A. Kim
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-009-9646-7

Cite this article as:
Dahoma, M., Johnston, L.G., Holman, A. et al. AIDS Behav (2011) 15: 186. doi:10.1007/s10461-009-9646-7

Abstract

We conducted a respondent driven sampling survey to estimate HIV prevalence and risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Unguja, Zanzibar. Men aged ≥15 years living in Unguja and reporting anal sex with another man in the past 3 months were asked to complete a questionnaire and provide specimens for biologic testing. HIV prevalence was 12.3% (95% confidence interval 8.7, 16.3). HIV infection was associated with injecting drugs in the past 3 months, Hepatitis C virus infection and being paid for sex in the past year. Interventions for MSM in Zanzibar are needed and should include linkages to prevention, care and treatment services.

Keywords

HIVSexually transmitted infectionsMen who have sex with menAfrica

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed Dahoma
    • 1
  • Lisa G. Johnston
    • 2
  • Abigail Holman
    • 3
  • Leigh Ann Miller
    • 2
  • Mahmoud Mussa
    • 1
  • Asha Othman
    • 1
  • Ahmed Khatib
    • 1
  • Ramadhan Issa
    • 1
  • Carl Kendall
    • 2
  • Andrea A. Kim
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Zanzibar AIDS Control ProgrammeMinistry of Health and Social WelfareZanzibarTanzania
  2. 2.Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Department of International Health & DevelopmentCenter for Global Health EquityNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Association of Schools of Public Health/HHS-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Global AIDS ProgramDar Es SalaamTanzania
  4. 4.HHS-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Global AIDS ProgramAtlantaUSA
  5. 5.AtlantaUSA