AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 204–208

Depression Among HIV-Positive Individuals in Botswana: A Behavioral Surveillance

  • Kathy Lawler
  • Mosepele Mosepele
  • Esther Seloilwe
  • Sarah Ratcliffe
  • Katherine Steele
  • Rudo Nthobatsang
  • Andrew Steenhoff
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-009-9622-2

Cite this article as:
Lawler, K., Mosepele, M., Seloilwe, E. et al. AIDS Behav (2011) 15: 204. doi:10.1007/s10461-009-9622-2

Abstract

This study examined incidence of depression in HIV-positive individuals in Botswana. One hundred and twenty HIV-positive individuals were administered a measure of daily activities and two measures of depression. Twenty four to 38% were diagnosed with depression, suicidal ideation ranged from 9 to 12%, with a positive correlation between scores on the two depression measures. Depression was associated with greater impairment in activities of daily living, especially the ability to take medication. These instruments can diagnose depression in persons living with HIV in developing countries, which will help to target those at risk for poor adherence, and will enable better allocation of limited resources.

Keywords

HIVAIDSDepressionBotswanaActivitiesDaily living

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathy Lawler
    • 3
    • 4
  • Mosepele Mosepele
    • 2
  • Esther Seloilwe
    • 1
  • Sarah Ratcliffe
    • 3
    • 5
  • Katherine Steele
    • 3
  • Rudo Nthobatsang
    • 3
  • Andrew Steenhoff
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for the Study of HIV and AIDSUniversity of BotswanaGaboroneBotswana
  2. 2.Infectious Disease Care CenterPrincess Marina HospitalGaboroneBotswana
  3. 3.Center for AIDS ResearchUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Biostatistics & EpidemiologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  6. 6.Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA