HIV Sexual Risk Behavior by Men Who use the Internet to Seek Sex with Men: Results of the Men’s INTernet Sex Study-II (MINTS-II)
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This study sought to identify the magnitude of HIV risk in a diverse sample of Men who use the Internet to seek Sex with Men (MISM), and test if specific subpopulations are at sufficiently increased risk to warrant tailored interventions. A sample of 2,716 American MISM, stratified by race/ethnicity, completed an Internet survey of online and offline sex seeking behavior during the last 3 months. Across most demographics, a minority of MISM reported unprotected anal intercourse with male partners (UAIMP). Across all demographics, risk of UAIMP substantially increased with partners met online. Other predictors of increased online partner risk include being 30–39 years old, having children, not living in the Northeast, and low income. HIV-positive men and African Americans reported increased online and offline partner risk. To address higher risk of UAIMP, online HIV interventions should prioritize the needs of MISM, especially HIV-positive men, with content focused on online-mediated liaisons.
- Benotsch, E. G., Kalichman, S., & Cage, M. (2002). Men who have men sex partners via the Internet: Prevalence, predictors and implications for HIV prevention. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(2), 177–193. doi:10.1023/A:1014739203657. CrossRef
- Bolding, G., Davis, M., Hart, G., Sherr, L., & Elford, J. (2005). Gay men who look for sex on the Internet: Is there more HIV/STI risk with online partners? AIDS (London, England), 19, 961–968. doi:10.1097/01.aids.0000171411.84231.f6.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999a). Gonococcal isolate surveillance project. Atlanta, GA: CDC.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999b). Resurgent bacterial sexually transmitted disease among men who have sex with men—King County, Washington, 1997–1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 48, 773–777.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). HIV/AIDS surveillance report, 2005 (Vol. 17). Atlanta, GA: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Coates, T. J. (2008). The US HIV epidemic: Why is prevention failing? Postgraduate Institute for Medicine and Clinical Care Options. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- Dawley, H. (2007). Among gay sites, all the talk is global. Retrieved October 27, 2008, from http://www.medialifemagazine.com/artman/publish/article_11038.asp.
- Greene, W. H. (1997). Econometric analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Gross, M. (2003). The second wave will drown us. American Journal of Public Health, 93(6), 872–881. doi:10.2105/AJPH.93.6.872. CrossRef
- Halkitis, P. N., & Parsons, J. T. (2003). Intentional unsafe sex (barebacking) among HIV-positive gay men who seek sexual partners on the Internet. AIDS Care, 15, 367–378. doi:10.1080/0954012031000105423. CrossRef
- Halkitis, P., Parsons, J. T., & Wilton, L. (2003). Barebacking among gay and bisexual men in New York city: Explanations for the emergence of intentional unsafe behavior. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(4), 351–357. doi:10.1023/A:1024095016181. CrossRef
- Horvath, K. J., Bowen, A. M., & Williams, M. L. (2006). Virtual and physical venues as contexts for HIV risk among rural men who have sex with men. Extramural Health Psychology, 25(2), 237–242. doi:10.1037/0278-6220.127.116.11. CrossRef
- Hospers, H. J., Kok, G., Harterink, P., & de Zwart, O. (2005). A new meeting place: Chatting on the Internet, e-dating and sexual risk behaviour among Dutch men who have sex with men. AIDS (London, England), 19, 1097–1101. doi:10.1097/01.aids.0000174457.08992.62.
- Jaffe, H. W., Valdiserri, R. O., & De Cock, K. M. (2007). The re-emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in men who have sex with men. Journal of the American Medical Association, 298, 2412–2414. doi:10.1001/jama.298.20.2412. CrossRef
- Kim, A. A., Kent, C., McFarland, W., & Klausner, J. D. (2001). Cruising the Internet highway. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 28, 89–93.
- Klausner, J. D., Wolf, W., Fischer Ponce, L., Zolt, I., & Katz, M. H. (2000). Tracing a syphilis outbreak through cyberspace. Journal of the American Medical Association, 284, 447–449. doi:10.1001/jama.284.4.447. CrossRef
- Koblin, B. A., Chesney, M. A., Husnik, M. J., Bozeman, S., Celum, C. L., Buchbinder, S., et al. (2003). High-risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in 6 U.S. cities: Baseline data from the EXPLORE study. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 926–932. doi:10.2105/AJPH.93.6.926. CrossRef
- Liau, A., Millett, G., & Marks, G. (2006). Meta-analytic examination of online sex-seeking and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 33, 576–584. doi:10.1097/01.olq.0000204710.35332.c5. CrossRef
- Long, J. S. (1997). Regression models for categorical and limited dependent variables. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- McFarlane, M., Bull, S. S., & Rietmeijer, C. A. (2000). The Internet as a newly emerging risk environment for sexually transmitted diseases. Journal of the American Medical Association, 284, 443–446. doi:10.1001/jama.284.4.443. CrossRef
- Millett, G. A., Flores, S. A., Peterson, J. L., & Bakeman, R. (2007). Explaining disparities in HIV infection among black and white men who have sex with men: A meta-analysis of HIV risk behaviors. AIDS (London, England), 21, 2083–2091.
- Millett, G. A., Peterson, J. L., Wolitski, R. J., & Stall, R. (2006). Greater risk for HIV infection of Black men who have sex with men: A critical literature review. American Journal of Public Health, 96(6), 1007–1019. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2005.066720. CrossRef
- PlanetOut Inc. (2006). About PlanetOut Inc. Company overview. Retrieved April 1, 2006 from http://www.planetoutinc.com/company/.
- Rosser, B. R. S., Miner, M. H., Bockting, W. O., Ross, M. W., Konstan, J., Gurak, L., et al. (2008). HIV risk and the Internet: Results of the Men’s INTernet study (MINTS). AIDS and Behavior. Online first, May 30. doi: 10.1007/s10461-008-9399-8.
- Tashima, K., Alt, E. N., Harwell, J. I., Fiebich-Perez, D. K., & Flanigan, T. P. (2003). Internet sex-seeking leads to acute HIV infection: A report of two cases. International Journal of STDs and AIDS, 14, 285–286. CrossRef
- Tikkanen, R., & Ross, M. W. (2003). Technological tearoom trade: Characteristics of Swedish men visiting gay Internet chat rooms. AIDS Education and Prevention, 15(2), 122–132. doi:10.1521/aeap.18.104.22.16833. CrossRef
- HIV Sexual Risk Behavior by Men Who use the Internet to Seek Sex with Men: Results of the Men’s INTernet Sex Study-II (MINTS-II)
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 13, Issue 3 , pp 488-498
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- High-risk sex
- Unprotected sex
- Demographic factors
- HIV seropositivity
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S. Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, USA
- 2. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
- 3. Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 5010, Atlanta, GA, 30302, USA