AIDS and Behavior

, 13:873

Correlation Between HIV and Sexual Behavior, Drug Use, Trichomoniasis and Candidiasis Among Female Sex Workers in a Mekong Delta Province of Vietnam


  • Thuong Vu Nguyen
    • Pasteur Institute
    • Department of EpidemiologyUCLA School of Public Health
  • Nghia Van Khuu
    • Pasteur Institute
  • Phong Hoai Truong
    • Department of Health
  • Anh Phuong Nguyen
    • Center for HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control
  • Lien Xuan Thi Truong
    • Pasteur Institute
    • Department of EpidemiologyUCLA School of Public Health
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-008-9499-5

Cite this article as:
Nguyen, T.V., Khuu, N.V., Truong, P.H. et al. AIDS Behav (2009) 13: 873. doi:10.1007/s10461-008-9499-5


To determine the prevalence of HIV and correlates of HIV infection among female sex workers (FSWs) in Soc Trang province, Vietnam, a survey of 406 FSWs in Soc Trang province was conducted between May and August, 2003. The participants were interviewed, using a standardized interview, to obtain information about socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics, and gynecologic and sexually transmitted infection (STI) history. The prevalence of HIV was 3.3%. An increased risk for HIV was associated with ever using illicit drugs, direct sex work, early sexual debut, age of FSWs, and infection with candidiasis and trichomoniasis. Reduced likelihood of HIV was only associated with withdrawal as a contraceptive method. A strong association of HIV with drug use and candidiasis and trichomoniasis infection among FSWs was found. Needle/syringe exchange, STI treatment, and methadone programs targeting FSWs should be implemented, and should include 100% condom use promotion.


Female sex workers (FSWs)Drug useSexually transmitted infections (STIs)HIVVietnam

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008