Original Paper

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 492-504

Gay and Bisexual Men in Kampala, Uganda

  • Phoebe KajubiAffiliated withInstitute for Global Health, University of California
  • , Moses R. KamyaAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Makerere University
  • , H. Fisher RaymondAffiliated withHIV Epidemiology Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health
  • , Sanny ChenAffiliated withHIV Epidemiology Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health
  • , George W. RutherfordAffiliated withInstitute for Global Health, University of California
  • , Jeffrey S. MandelAffiliated withInstitute for Global Health, University of California
  • , Willi McFarlandAffiliated withInstitute for Global Health, University of CaliforniaHIV Epidemiology Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health Email author 

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Abstract

HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects gay and bisexual men around the world; however, little is known about this population in sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted a respondent-driven sampling survey of gay and bisexual men in Kampala, Uganda (N = 224). Overall, 61% reported themselves as “gay” and 39% as “bisexual”. Gay and bisexual men were 92% Ugandan; 37% had unprotected receptive anal sex in the last six months, 27% were paid for sex, 18% paid for sex, 11% had history of urethral discharge. Perception that gay and bisexual men are at risk for HIV infection was low. Gay and bisexual men in Kampala are overwhelmingly Ugandan nationals from all parts of society. Recognition of gay and bisexual men in local HIV prevention programs and education messages are urgently needed. Our study demonstrates that gay and bisexual men in Uganda are willing to identify themselves and participate in research.

Keywords

Men who have sex with men Uganda Africa HIV Risk behavior