AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 578–584

HIV/AIDS Behavioral Surveillance among Angolan Military Men

  • Eric G. Bing
  • Daniel J. Ortiz
  • Ricardo E. Ovalle-Bahamón
  • Karen G. Cheng
  • Fannie H. Huang
  • Francisco Ernesto
  • Naihua Duan
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-007-9280-1

Cite this article as:
Bing, E.G., Ortiz, D.J., Ovalle-Bahamón, R.E. et al. AIDS Behav (2008) 12: 578. doi:10.1007/s10461-007-9280-1

Abstract

To assess HIV-related risk behavior among military men in a post-conflict sub-Saharan African country with low HIV prevalence this study evaluated sexual risk taking and related behaviors among a stratified random sample of 1,710 military personnel in four regions of Angola. Over 90% were sexually active and 60% had two or more sexual partners within the past year. Condom use varied depending on partner type, from a low of 10% to a high of 54%. Factors independently predicting the number of sexual partners included younger age, younger age of sexual debut, being away from home, being in the eastern part of the country, higher military rank, higher education, alcohol before sex, and problem alcohol use. Independent predictors of sexually transmitted infection symptoms included age of sexual debut, lower education, higher rank, and having had sex with a casual partner or a commercial sex worker in the previous 12 months. These findings indicate high rates of HIV risk-taking behaviors among military personnel and the need for aggressive prevention campaigns to reduce HIV risk among military personnel and the populations they serve.

Keywords

HIVPreventionMilitaryAfricaBehavior

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric G. Bing
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Ortiz
    • 1
  • Ricardo E. Ovalle-Bahamón
    • 1
  • Karen G. Cheng
    • 1
  • Fannie H. Huang
    • 2
  • Francisco Ernesto
    • 3
  • Naihua Duan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryCharles R. Drew University of Medicine and ScienceLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiostatisticsUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Angolan Armed ForcesLuandaAngola