AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 68–77

Cognitive Executive Functioning in Relation to HIV Medication Adherence Among Gay, Bisexual, and other Men who have Sex with Men

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-007-9273-0

Cite this article as:
Solomon, T.M. & Halkitis, P.N. AIDS Behav (2008) 12: 68. doi:10.1007/s10461-007-9273-0


A longitudinal study of 300 HIV-positive gay, bisexual or non-gay-identified men-who-have-sex-with-men was undertaken to consider patterns relating to HIV medication adherence. The purpose of our analyses was to consider the rate of adherence in relation to both age and executive functioning as assessed by the Trail Making Test A and B. Executive functioning was assessed at baseline and month 10. Our analytic sample consisted of 213 men who remained on the same protease inhibitor throughout the assessment timeframe. Adherence rates were relatively high with more than 50% of the sample maintaining a 95%+ adherence rate at both baseline and month 10. Analyses at baseline indicated executive functioning and age were related to rate of adherence. Analyses at month 10 indicated no significant relations. Findings support previous research and suggest that the status of executive functioning as well as age be given consideration when working with HIV-positive individuals.


HIVTreatment adherenceARTExecutive functioningAgeGayBisexualMSM

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Center for Health, Identity, Behavior & Prevention Studies (CHIBPS)New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human DevelopmentNew YorkUSA