, Volume 11, Issue 1 Supplement, pp 1-5
Date: 02 Jun 2007

Evolution of the Special Projects of National Significance Prevention with HIV-Infected Persons Seen in Primary Care Settings Initiative

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Introduction

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1,039,000–1,185,000 persons in the USA were living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2003. Further, 40,000 persons become infected with HIV each year (Glynn & Rhodes, 2005); continued growth in the number of people living with HIV/AIDS means there is an on-going need for a multi-focused approach to the challenge of preventing HIV transmission. Such an approach includes directing prevention efforts toward HIV-uninfected individuals, both those at high risk of infection and the general population, as well as individuals already infected with HIV.

For many years, HIV prevention efforts focused primarily on reducing the risk of infection among HIV-uninfected individuals, concentrating on individuals who engage in high-risk sexual behavior and drug use. Considerably less attention was given to the needs of individuals already infected with HIV and to providing assistance in not transmitting to others. A 2001 Institute