Strategies to Reduce HIV Risk Behavior in HIV Primary Care Clinics: Brief Provider Messages and Specialist Intervention
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- Callahan, E.J., Flynn, N.M., Kuenneth, C.A. et al. AIDS Behav (2007) 11: 48. doi:10.1007/s10461-006-9200-9
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Reducing HIV transmission is a critical goal worldwide, prompting new strategies to slow the spread of the virus. This paper describes the theoretical underpinnings of the Comprehensive Harm Reduction Protocol (CHRP) and the process of its implementation in one large urban HIV clinic and two smaller rural primary care clinics. Patients enrolled in CHRP complete the Risk Diagnostic Questionnaire (RDQ), self-reporting HIV transmission risk behavior at most clinic visits. Clinicians review RDQs to trigger dialogue using motivational interviewing and the stages of health behavior change to reduce high-risk behaviors (drug use, alcohol use, or high-risk sexual behavior). In the ongoing evaluation study, CHRP patients receive two provider-only visits before being randomized to continue with provider brief prevention messages only or to receive additional intensive counseling with a risk-reduction specialist following the provider visit. If outcome data support one or both interventions, CHRP could be a useful model for widespread adoption. Observations from the implementation of this protocol are presented in order to facilitate the adoption of this protocol in interested clinics. Later, results of the evaluation of the implementation of the protocol may have value in developing prevention policy in HIV treatment clinics.