AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 435–442

Prevalence and Correlates of Condom Use and HIV Testing Among Female Sex Workers in Tashkent, Uzbekistan: Implications for HIV Transmission

  • Catherine S. Todd
  • Gulchaekra Alibayeva
  • Mumtaz M. Khakimov
  • Jose L. Sanchez
  • Christian T. Bautista
  • Kenneth C. Earhart
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-006-9155-x

Cite this article as:
Todd, C.S., Alibayeva, G., Khakimov, M.M. et al. AIDS Behav (2007) 11: 435. doi:10.1007/s10461-006-9155-x

Abstract

Little is known about sex work in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, despite rapid increases in HIV infection. Consistent client condom use and prior HIV testing are described among 448 female sex workers (FSW) completing a self-administered questionnaire, health provider interview, and HIV testing between April 2003 and March 2004. Participants were recruited through outreach workers using modified snowball sampling. Consistent client condom use was more likely for FSW who were married, knew condoms prevent HIV, and from countries in south Central Asia. Prior HIV testing was less likely for FSW younger than 21 years, who shared drugs with clients, initiated sex work at 18 years or less and had engaged in sex work less than 2 years. Low rates of condom use, particularly by those with risky drug behaviors, indicate that targeted risk-reduction interventions are urgently needed.

Keywords

HIVCommercial sex workBehavioral risk factorsUzbekistanFemale sex workersCondom use

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine S. Todd
    • 1
  • Gulchaekra Alibayeva
    • 2
  • Mumtaz M. Khakimov
    • 3
  • Jose L. Sanchez
    • 4
  • Christian T. Bautista
    • 5
  • Kenneth C. Earhart
    • 6
  1. 1.Division of International Health and Cross-Cultural MedicineUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Ministry of HealthTashkentRepublic of Uzbekistan
  3. 3.Republic of Uzbekistan Center for HIV/AIDS Control and PreventionTashkentRepublic of Uzbekistan
  4. 4.U. S. Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System and Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc.Silver SpringUSA
  5. 5.Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc.RockvilleUSA
  6. 6.US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 (NAMRU-3)CairoEgypt