ORIGINAL PAPER

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 271-276

Awareness and Attitudes Regarding Microbicides and Nonoxynol-9 use in a Probability Sample of Gay Men

  • Alex Carballo-DiéguezAffiliated withHIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University Email author 
  • , Lucia F. O’SullivanAffiliated withHIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University
  • , Peter LinAffiliated withHIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University
  • , Curtis DolezalAffiliated withHIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University
  • , Lance PollackAffiliated withCenter for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco
  • , Joseph CataniaAffiliated withCenter for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco

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Abstract

A household probability sample of 879 adult gay and other men who have sex with men in San Francisco underwent phone interviews. Approximately, half reported recent unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). Yet, lubricant use was high, a behavior that may facilitate future adoption of topical microbicide delivered by a lubricant gel. Despite warnings against Nonoxynol-9 (N-9), 26% of respondents reported still using it. Microbicide awareness was higher among men reporting UAI than among consistent condom users. Scenarios presenting microbicides “as effective as condoms,” “nearly as effective,” or “less effective but better than nothing” produced wide variability in willingness to use them, which may have implications for microbicide acceptability. HIV-infected men and those who reported UAI showed greater microbicide acceptance.

Keywords

Microbicides Nonoxynol-9 Gay men MSM Condoms