Awareness and Attitudes Regarding Microbicides and Nonoxynol-9 use in a Probability Sample of Gay Men
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
A household probability sample of 879 adult gay and other men who have sex with men in San Francisco underwent phone interviews. Approximately, half reported recent unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). Yet, lubricant use was high, a behavior that may facilitate future adoption of topical microbicide delivered by a lubricant gel. Despite warnings against Nonoxynol-9 (N-9), 26% of respondents reported still using it. Microbicide awareness was higher among men reporting UAI than among consistent condom users. Scenarios presenting microbicides “as effective as condoms,” “nearly as effective,” or “less effective but better than nothing” produced wide variability in willingness to use them, which may have implications for microbicide acceptability. HIV-infected men and those who reported UAI showed greater microbicide acceptance.
- Adam, B. D., Husbands, W., Murray, J., & Maxwell, J. (2005). AIDS optimism, condom fatigue, or self-esteem? Explaining unsafe sex among gay and bisexual men. The Journal of Sex Research, 42, 238–248. CrossRef
- Alliance for Microbicide Development. (2005). The microbicide quarterly, July/December. Accessed on January 26, 2006 www.microbicide.org/publications.
- Carballo-Diéguez, A., & Bauermeister, J. (2004). “Barebacking”: Intentional condomless anal sex in HIV-risk contexts: Reasons for and against it. Journal of Homosexuality, 47, 1–16. CrossRef
- Carballo-Dieguez, A., Stein, Z., Saez, H., Dolezal, C., Nieves-Rosa, L., & Diaz, F. (2000). Frequent use of lubricants for anal sex among men who have sex with men: The HIV prevention potential of a microbicidal gel. American Journal of Public Health, 90, 1117–1121.
- Catania, J. A., Osmond, D., Stall, R. D., Pollack, L., Paul, J. P., Blower, S. et al. (2001). The continuing HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 907–914.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000). August 4, 2000. Letter issued from the Department of Health and Human Services. Accessed March 11, 2005 www.cdc.gov/hib/pubs/mmwr/mmwr11aug00.pdf.
- Gross, M., Buchbinder, S. P., Celum, C., Heagerty, P., & Seage, G. R. III. (1998). Rectal microbicides for US gay men: Are clinical trials needed? Are they feasible? Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 25, 296–302. CrossRef
- Halkitis, P. N., & Parsons, J. T. (2003) Intentional unsafe sex (barebacking) among HIV-positive gay men who seek sexual partners on the Internet. AIDS Care, 15, 367–378. CrossRef
- Kalichman, S. C. (2000). HIV transmission risk behaviors of men and women living with HIV-AIDS: Prevalence, predictors, and emerging clinical interventions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 7, 32–47. CrossRef
- Mansergh, G., Crepaz, N., Murphy, S., Miller, L. C., & Appleby, P. R. (2000). Future HIV prevention options for men who have sex with men: Intention to use a potential microbicide during anal intercourse. AIDS and Behavior, 4, 279–287. CrossRef
- Morin, S. F., Vernon, K., Harcourt, J. J., Steward, W. T., Volk, J., Riess, T. H. et al. (2003). Why HIV infections have increased among men who have sex with men and what to do about it: Finding from California focus groups. AIDS & Behavior, 7, 353–362. CrossRef
- Phillips, D. M., & Zacharopoulos, V. R. (1998). Nonoxynol-9 enhances rectal infections by herpes simplex virus in mice. Contraception, 57, 341–348. CrossRef
- Pollack, L. M., Osmond, D. H., Paul, J. P., & Catania, J. A. (2005). Evaluation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s HIV behavioral surveillance of men who have sex with men: Sampling issues. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 32, 581–589. CrossRef
- Rader, M., Marks, G., Mansergh, G., Crepaz, N., Miller, L. C., Appleby, P. R. et al. (2001). Preferences about the characteristics of future HIV prevention products among men who have sex with men. AIDS Education & Prevention, 13, 149–159. CrossRef
- Stephenson, J. (2000). Widely used spermicide may increase, not decrease, risk of HIV transmission. JAMA, 284, 949. CrossRef
- Westat (2003). Urban men’s health study—3: Methods report. Unpublished manuscript.
- Wolitski, R. J., Valdiserri, R. O., Denning, P. H., & Levine, W. C. (2001) Are we headed for a resurgence of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men? American Journal of Public Health, 91, 883–888. CrossRef
- Awareness and Attitudes Regarding Microbicides and Nonoxynol-9 use in a Probability Sample of Gay Men
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 11, Issue 2 , pp 271-276
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Gay men
- Author Affiliations
- 1. HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
- 2. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA