AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 135–143

Development of a Brief Scale to Measure AIDS-Related Stigma in South Africa

  • Seth C. Kalichman
  • Leickness C. Simbayi
  • Sean Jooste
  • Yoesrie Toefy
  • Demetria Cain
  • Chauncey Cherry
  • Ashraf Kagee
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-005-3895-x

Cite this article as:
Kalichman, S.C., Simbayi, L.C., Jooste, S. et al. AIDS Behav (2005) 9: 135. doi:10.1007/s10461-005-3895-x

Abstract

Although there has been progress in AIDS stigma research, there are no multi-item AIDS stigma scales that have been shown reliable and valid in Africa. The current research reports the development of the nine-item AIDS-Related Stigma Scale. Research conducted in five South African communities (N = 2306) found the scale internally consistent, α = 0.75 and time stable over 3 months, r = 0.67. The scale was also reliable in three different languages (English, Xhosa, and Afrikaans). Correlations showed that the AIDS-Related Stigma Scale was moderately inversely correlated with years of education and AIDS knowledge. In addition, individuals who stated that HIV positive persons should conceal their HIV status had higher AIDS-Related Stigma Scale scores. Also supporting the scale’s construct validity, individuals who refused to report whether they had been tested for HIV scored higher on the AIDS-Related Stigma Scale.

Key words

AIDS stigma South Africa HIV/AIDS AIDS-related stigma scale AIDS attitudes 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seth C. Kalichman
    • 1
    • 4
  • Leickness C. Simbayi
    • 2
  • Sean Jooste
    • 2
  • Yoesrie Toefy
    • 2
  • Demetria Cain
    • 1
  • Chauncey Cherry
    • 1
  • Ashraf Kagee
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrs
  2. 2.Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS and HealthHuman Sciences Research CouncilCape TownSouth Africa
  3. 3.Stellenbosch UniversitySouth Africa
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrs

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