Development of a Brief Scale to Measure AIDS-Related Stigma in South Africa
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Although there has been progress in AIDS stigma research, there are no multi-item AIDS stigma scales that have been shown reliable and valid in Africa. The current research reports the development of the nine-item AIDS-Related Stigma Scale. Research conducted in five South African communities (N = 2306) found the scale internally consistent, α = 0.75 and time stable over 3 months, r = 0.67. The scale was also reliable in three different languages (English, Xhosa, and Afrikaans). Correlations showed that the AIDS-Related Stigma Scale was moderately inversely correlated with years of education and AIDS knowledge. In addition, individuals who stated that HIV positive persons should conceal their HIV status had higher AIDS-Related Stigma Scale scores. Also supporting the scale’s construct validity, individuals who refused to report whether they had been tested for HIV scored higher on the AIDS-Related Stigma Scale.
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- Development of a Brief Scale to Measure AIDS-Related Stigma in South Africa
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 9, Issue 2 , pp 135-143
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- AIDS stigma
- South Africa HIV/AIDS
- AIDS-related stigma scale
- AIDS attitudes
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut
- 4. Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Storrs, Connecticut, 06269
- 2. Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
- 3. Stellenbosch University, South Africa