Agriculture and Human Values

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 201–213

Local or localized? Exploring the contributions of Franco-Mediterranean agrifood theory to alternative food research

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10460-013-9461-7

Cite this article as:
Bowen, S. & Mutersbaugh, T. Agric Hum Values (2014) 31: 201. doi:10.1007/s10460-013-9461-7

Abstract

Notions such as terroir and “Slow Food,” which originated in Mediterranean Europe, have emerged as buzzwords around the globe, becoming commonplace across Europe and economically important in the United States and Canada, Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Given the increased global prominence of terroir and regulatory frameworks like geographical indications, we argue that the associated conceptual tools have become more relevant to scholars working within the “alternative food networks” (AFN) framework in the United States and United Kingdom. Specifically, the Local Agrifood Systems (Systèmes Agroalimentaires Localisés, or SYAL) perspective, first articulated in 1996 by French scholars, seeks to understand the relationship between the development of local food systems and specific territories. We review the empirical and theoretical literature that comprises each of these perspectives, highlighting three areas in which SYAL scholarship may be relevant to AFN researchers. First, while AFN scholars tend to understand the “local” in terms of positionality, in a distributionist sense (vis-à-vis one’s relation to sites of food production or consumption or along commodity chains), SYAL studies frame local food systems as anchored within particular territories. Second, SYAL research places significant emphasis on collectivity, both in terms of collective institutions and shared forms of knowledge and identity. Third, although both perspectives are framed in opposition of the industrialization of the global food system, AFN scholars focus more on alternative distribution schemes (e.g., organic, fair trade, and direct marketing schemes), while SYAL researchers favor territorially anchored structures (e.g., geographical indications).

Keywords

Alternative food networksSystèmes Agroalimentaires Localisés (Local Agrifood Systems)TerroirTerritory

Abbreviations

AFN

Alternative food network

CIRAD

Center for Agricultural Research for Development

CSA

Community supported agriculture

GI

Geographical indications

SYAL

Systèmes Agroalimentaires Localisés (Local Agrifood System)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA