Private standards, grower networks, and power in a food supply system
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The role of private food standards in agriculture is increasingly raising questions of legitimacy, particularly in light of the impacts such standards may have on food producers. While much work has been carried out at a macro policy level for developing countries, there have been relatively few empirical case studies that focus on particular food supply chains, and even fewer studies still of the impact of private standards on developed countries such as Australia. This study seeks to address this imbalance, with a particular focus on examining the impact of private standards on an Australian vegetable supply food system in North Tasmania as well as tracing the impact of perceived and actual power relations among actors. Applying a governance framework and adopting a Foucauldian position we show that private standards are a “technology of power” that have risen out of a crisis discourse in the mid-1990s about on-farm food safety. Private standards have the effect of using knowledge from particular actors to establish truths about good agricultural practice (GAP), however we show that Tasmanian vegetable growers are not docile bodies and are employing alternative knowledge and technologies of power to challenge how GAP is implemented on-farm.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2006. Australian Census 2006: Burnie-Devonport Region. 2006. Australian Government. http://www.abs.gov.au. Accessed 29 Nov 2010.
- Barndt, D Bio/cultural diversity and equity in post-NAFTA Mexico (Or: Tomasita comes North while Big Mac goes South). In: Drydyk, J, Penz, P eds. (1997) Global justice, global democracy. Fernwood Publishing, Winnipeg, pp. 55-69
- Campbell, H (2005) The rise and rise of EurepGAP: European (re)invention of colonial food relations?. International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 13: pp. 1-19
- Danaher, G, Schirato, T, Webb, J (2000) Understanding Foucault. Allen and Unwin, Crows Nest
- Eckersley, N. 2011. Coles and Woolies in false fruit labelling pickle. Australian Food News, May. http://www.ausfoodnews.com.au/2011/05/13/coles-and-woolies-in-false-fruit-labelling-pickle.html. Accessed 1 Sep 2012.
- Foucault, Michel. 1980. Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings 1972–1977. In ed, Gordon, C. New York: Pantheon Press.
- FSANZ. 2011. Food Standards Australia and New Zealand. http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/. Accessed 9 Jan 2011.
- Fuchs, D, Kalfagianni, A, Clapp, J, Busch, L (2011) Introduction to symposium on private agrifood governance: Values, shortcomings, and strategies. Agriculture and Human Values 28: pp. 335-344 CrossRef
- Fuchs, D, Kalfagianni, A, Havinga, T (2011) Actors in private food governance: The legitimacy of retail standards and multistakeholder initiatives with civil society participation. Agriculture and Human Values 28: pp. 353-367 CrossRef
- GlobalGAP. 2010. GLOBALG.A.P. http://www.globalgap.org/cms/front_content.php?idcat=9. Accessed 1 Dec 2010.
- Hatanaka, M, Bain, C, Busch, L (2005) Third-party certification in the global agrifood system. Food Policy 30: pp. 354-369 CrossRef
- Hendrickson, MK, Heffernan, WD (2002) Opening spaces through relocalization: Locating potential resistance in the weaknesses of the global food system. Sociologia Ruralis 42: pp. 347-369 CrossRef
- Hendrickson, M., J. Wilkinson, W.D. Heffernan, and R. Gronski. 2008. The global food system and nodes of power. doi:10.2139/ssrn.1337273. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1337273.
- Henson, S. 2011. Private agrifood governance: Conclusions, observations, and provocations. Agriculture and Human Values 28(3): 443–451. doi:10.1007/s10460-011-9309-y.
- Henson, S, Masakure, O, Boselie, D (2005) Private food safety and quality standards for fresh produce exporters: The case of Hortico Agrisystems, Zimbabwe. Food Policy 30: pp. 371-384 CrossRef
- Higgins, V, Dibden, J, Cocklin, C (2008) Building alternative agri-food networks: Certification, embeddedness, and agri-environmental governance. Journal of Rural Studies 24: pp. 15-27 CrossRef
- Higgins, V, Dibden, J, Cocklin, C (2008) Neoliberalism and natural resource management: Agri-environmental standards and the governing of farming practices. Geoforum 39: pp. 1776-1785 CrossRef
- Higgins, V., and G. Lawrence. eds. 2005. Introduction: Globalization and agricultural governance. In Agricultural governance: Globalization and the new politics of regulation. New York: Routledge.
- Lee, G.C.-H. 2006. Private food standards and their impacts on developing countries. Stagiaire: European Commission, DG Trade Unit G2.
- Lockie, S (2006) Networks of agri-environmental action: Temporality, spatiality, and identity in agricultural environments. Sociologia Ruralis 46: pp. 22-39 CrossRef
- Lockie, S (1998) Environmental and social risks, and the construction of “best-practice” in Australian agriculture. Agriculture and Human Values 15: pp. 243-252 CrossRef
- Lockie, S., and J. Pietsch. 2012. Public opinion on food security. In Unpublished report. Canberra: Australian National University, College of Arts and Social Sciences.
- Lockie, S, Higgins, V (2007) Roll-out neoliberalism and hybrid practices of regulation in Australian agri-environmental governance. Journal of Rural Studies 23: pp. 1-11 CrossRef
- McMichael, P (2009) A food regime analysis of the “world food crisis”. Agriculture and Human Values 26: pp. 281-295 CrossRef
- McMichael, P (2009) A food regime genealogy. Journal of Peasant Studies 36: pp. 139-169 CrossRef
- McMichael, P (2008) Peasants make their own history, but not just as they please. Journal of Agrarian Change 8: pp. 205-228 CrossRef
- Scholliers, P (2008) Defining food risks and food anxieties throughout history. Appetite 51: pp. 3-6 CrossRef
- Scott, J. 2009. Social network analysis. A handbook. 2/e. London: SAGE.
- Stoker, G (1998) Governance as theory: Five propositions. International Social Science Journal 50: pp. 17-28 CrossRef
- Tennent, R, Lockie, S (2012) Production relations under GlobalGAP: The relative influence of standards and retail market structure. Sociologia Ruralis 52: pp. 31-47 CrossRef
- Private standards, grower networks, and power in a food supply system
Agriculture and Human Values
Volume 30, Issue 3 , pp 379-388
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Private standards
- Grower experiences
- Industry Sectors