Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 248-271

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Intelligence Dynamics: a concept and preliminary experiments for open-ended learning agents

  • Masahiro FujitaAffiliated withSystem Technologies Laboratories, Sony Corporation Email author 


We propose a novel approach that aims to realize autonomous developmental intelligence called Intelligence Dynamics. We emphasize two technical features of dynamics and embodiment in comparison with the symbolic approach of the conventional Artificial Intelligence. The essential conceptual idea of this approach is that an embodied agent interacts with the real world to learn and develop its intelligence as attractors of the dynamic interaction. We develop two computational models, one is for self-organizing multi-attractors, and the other provides a motivational system for open-ended learning agents. The former model is realized by recurrent neural networks with a small humanoid body in the real world, and the later is realized by hierarchical support vector machines with inverted pendulum agents in a virtual world. Although they are preliminary experiments, they take important first steps towards demonstrating the feasibility and value of open-ended learning agents with the concept of Intelligence Dynamics.


Open-ended Dynamics Embodiment Prediction Intelligence Dynamics Recurrent neural networks Intrinsic motivation Flow theory