Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 88, Issue 6, pp 1001–1019

Cocoa–timber agroforestry systems: Theobroma cacaoCordia alliodora in Central America

  • Eduardo Somarriba
  • Alfonso Suárez-Islas
  • Wilson Calero-Borge
  • Alejandra Villota
  • Cristopher Castillo
  • Sergio Vílchez
  • Olivier Deheuvels
  • Rolando Cerda
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10457-014-9692-7

Cite this article as:
Somarriba, E., Suárez-Islas, A., Calero-Borge, W. et al. Agroforest Syst (2014) 88: 1001. doi:10.1007/s10457-014-9692-7

Abstract

Cocoa–timber systems have been proposed as viable alternative for simultaneously satisfying the livelihood needs of the farmers (in terms of production of cocoa and other goods for family use or sale) while improving the capacity of the cocoa agroforestry system to provide other ecosystem services at both the plot and landscape level. In this paper we explored the demographics, population dynamics and timber yield of naturally regenerated laurel (Cordia alliodora R&P Oken) in 33 ha of cocoa plantations (42 farms) inventoried in 2001 and re-measured in 2005 and 2011, in Talamanca, Costa Rica. This study shows in quantitative terms the significant contribution of laurel timber in the shade canopy of cocoa to annual income (use or sale of timber) and family savings (timber in standing, harvestable trees). In the study region, laurel yields 4.43 m3 ha−1 year−1, equivalent to an annual income of 265 US$ ha−1 year−1 (assuming that 50 % of total standing volume is saleable, at 120 US$ m−3 for standing laurel timber at the farm). In addition to the cash flow, standing, harvestable laurel trees (43.89 m3 ha−1) amounts to 2,633 US$ ha−1 in family savings.

Keywords

Population projection matrixGrowthMortalityDiameter frequency distributionTimber yieldBasal area

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Somarriba
    • 1
  • Alfonso Suárez-Islas
    • 2
  • Wilson Calero-Borge
    • 3
  • Alejandra Villota
    • 4
  • Cristopher Castillo
    • 5
  • Sergio Vílchez
    • 1
  • Olivier Deheuvels
    • 6
  • Rolando Cerda
    • 1
  1. 1.CATIECartagoCosta Rica
  2. 2.Universidad Autónoma del Estado de HidalgoPachucaMexico
  3. 3.URACCANNueva GuineaNicaragua
  4. 4.ConsultantPastoColombia
  5. 5.Pan American Life Insurance Group (Palig)San JoseCosta Rica
  6. 6.CIRADParisFrance