Preference and Palatability of Indigenous and Exotic Acid Soil-tolerant Multipurpose Trees and Shrubs by West African Dwarf Sheep
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Eleven acid soil-tolerant multipurpose trees and shrubs (MPTS) were assessed for preference and palatability with mature West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep using the cafeteria method. About 500 g each of the MPTS were weighed in triplicates into plastic feeding troughs and randomly placed around the perimeter of a Panicum maximum paddock (25 m × 25 m). Five ewes averaging 25.24 ± 0.69 kg were allowed 4 h access to the browse species daily for 12 d. Dry matter intake differed (p<0.05), ranging from 0.0 g in C. calothyrsus to 70.8 g in M. barterii. The number of animal visits, time spent and number of bites per visit on the browses also differed (p<0.05). There were positive correlations between DM intake and number of visits, number of bites, time spent on each fodder browsing and the coefficient of preference. The preference of the various MPTS by animals in descending order was M. barterii > A. cordifolia > L. leucoephala > B. monandra > D. guineensis > H. madagascariensis > T. tetraptera > T. africana > A. bella > B. grandiflora > C. calothyrsus.
- Abdulrazak, S.A., Fujihara, T., Ondiek, J.K., Ørskov, E.R. (2000) Nutritive evaluation of acacia tree leaves from Kenya. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 85: pp. 89-98 CrossRef
- Goodchild, A.V., McMeniman, N.P. (1994) Intake and digestibility of low quality roughages when supplemented with leguminous browse. J. Agr. Sci. 122: pp. 151-160
- Kaitho, R.J., Umunna, N.N., Nsahlai, I.V., Tamminga, S., Bruchem, J., Vandwouw, M. (1996) Palatability of multipurpose tree species: effect of species and length of study on intake and relative palatability by sheep. Agroforest. Syst. 33: pp. 249-261 CrossRef
- Kaitho, R.J., Umunna, N.N., Nsahlai, I.V., Tamminga, S., Bruchem, J., Hanson, J. (1997) Palatability of wilted and dried multipurpose tree species fed to sheep and goats. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 65: pp. 151-163 CrossRef
- Karbo N., Barnes P. and Rudat H. 1996. An evaluation of browse forage preferences by sheep and goats in the Northern Guinea Savannah zoneGhana. In: Ndikumana J. and de Leeuw P.N. (eds.),Sustainable Feed Production and Utilization for Smallholder Livestock Enterprises in Sub-saharan Africa. Proc. Sub-Saharan Afr. Feed Resources Network, Harare, Zimbabwe6–10 Dec. 1993, 201 pp.
- Larbi, A., Jabbar, M.A., Orok, E.J., Idiong, E., Cobbina, J. (1993) Alchornea cordifoliaa promising indigenous browse species adapted to acid soils in southeastern Nigeria for integrated crop–livestock systems. Agroforest. Syst. 33: pp. 29-39
- Marten, G.C. (1978) The animal plant complex in forage palatability phenomena. J. Anim. Sci. 46: pp. 1470-1477
- Mtenga L.A., Komwinhangilo D.M. and Kifaro G.C. 1992. Selectivity in sheep and goats fed AlbiziaGliricidiaLeucaena and Tamarind multipurpose trees. In: Lebbie S.H.B., Rey B. and Irungu E.K. (eds.), Proc. Sec. Biennial Conf. Afr. Small Rum Res. Network, AICC ArushaTanzania7–11 Dec. 1992, pp. 151–155.
- Osolo N.K., Kinuthia J.N., Gachuiri C.K., Okeyo A.M., Wanyoike M.M. and Okomo M. 1996. Small ruminant research and development in Africa. In: Lebbie S.H.B. and Kagwini E. (eds.), Proc Third Biennial Conf. Afr. Small Rum. Res. Network., KampalaUganda 5–9 Dec. 1994 ILRI NairobiKenya326 pp.
- Owino F. 1989. Methods for general and alley-farming specific of multipurpose trees and shrubs screening. Paper prepared for IITA/ILCA/ICRAF: AFNETA training course. Ibadan, NigeriaAugust 1989, 37 pp.
- Personius, T.L., Wambolt, C.L., Stephens, J.R., Kelsey, R.G. (1987) Crude terpenoid influence on mule deer preference for sagebrush. J. Range Manage. 40: pp. 84-88
- SAS 1989. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute Inc. User's GuideVersion 6, 4th ed. Vol. I. Cary, North CarolinaUSA943 pp.
- Topark-Ngarm A. and Gutteridge R.C. 1986. Forages in Thailand. In: Blair G.J., Ivory D.A. and Evans T.R. (eds.), Forages in South East Asia and South Pacific Agriculture. Proc. Int. Workshop CisarruaIndonesia19–23 Aug. 1985, ACIAR Proc. No. 12, pp. 96–103.
- Topps, J.H. (1992) Potential, composition and use of legume shrubs and trees as fodder for livestock in the tropics. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 118: pp. 1-8 CrossRef
- Wahua, T.A.T., Oji, U.I. Survey of browse plants in upland areas of Rivers State of Nigeria. In: Reynolds, L., Atta-Krah, A.N. eds. (1987) Browse Use and Small Ruminant Production in Southeast Nigeria. ILCA Humid Zone Programme, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 23-33
- Preference and Palatability of Indigenous and Exotic Acid Soil-tolerant Multipurpose Trees and Shrubs by West African Dwarf Sheep
Volume 67, Issue 2 , pp 123-128
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links