, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 63-71

Autocrine Role of Interleukin-8 in Induction of Endothelial Cell Proliferation, Survival, Migration and MMP-2 Production and Angiogenesis

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Interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8), a paracrine angiogenic factor, modulates multiple biologic functions in CXCR1 and CXCR2 expressing endothelial cells. Several reports suggest that inflammation, infection, cellular stress and tumor presence regulate IL-8 production in endothelial cells. In the present study, we test the hypothesis that IL-8 regulates multiple biological effects in endothelial cells in an autocrine manner. We examined the autocrine role of IL-8 in regulating angiogenesis by using a neutralizing antibody to IL-8, CXCR1 or CXCR2 in human vein umbilical endothelial cell (HUVEC) and human dermal microvascular endothelial cell (HMEC). Neutralizing antibody to IL-8, CXCR1 or CXCR2 inhibited endothelial cell proliferation, and MMP-2 production as compared to cells cultured with medium alone or control antibody. In addition, we observed that the number of apoptotic cells was significantly higher in anti-IL-8, anti-CXCR1 and anti-CXCR2 treated endothelial cells, which coincided with decreased survival-associated gene expression. We observed reduced migration of endothelial cells treated with anti-IL-8 and anti-CXCR2 antibody, but not anti-CXCR1 antibody as compared to controls. Further, we observed an inhibition of capillary tube formation and neovascularization following treatment with anti-IL-8, anti-CXCR1 and anti-CXCR2 antibodies. Together these data suggest that IL-8 functions as an important autocrine growth and angiogenic factor in regulating multiple biological activities in endothelial cells.