Original Paper


, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 467-479

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

The effect of meteorological factors on airborne Betula pollen concentrations in Lublin (Poland)

  • Krystyna PiotrowskaAffiliated withDepartment of Botany, University of Life Sciences in Lublin Email author 
  • , Agnieszka Kubik-KomarAffiliated withDepartment of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Life Sciences in Lublin


The present study investigated the pattern of the birch atmospheric pollen seasons in Lublin in the period 2001–2010. Pollen monitoring was conducted using a Lanzoni VPPS 2000 sampler. The atmospheric pollen seasons were determined with the 98% method. Regression analysis was used to determine correlations between meteorological conditions and the pattern of the birch pollen season. On average, the birch pollen season started on 12 April, ended on 13 May, and lasted 32 days. The peak value and the Seasonal Pollen Index showed the greatest variation in particular years. All the seasons were right-skewed. During the study years, a trend was found towards earlier occurrence of the seasonal peak. Regression equations were developed for the following parameters of the atmospheric pollen season: start, duration, peak value and average pollen concentration during the season. The obtained model fit was at a level of 64–81%. Statistical analysis shows that minimum temperature of February and March and total rainfall in June in the year preceding pollen release have the greatest effect on the birch atmospheric pollen season in Lublin. Low temperatures in February promote the occurrence of high pollen concentrations.


Betula Atmospheric pollen season Meteorological parameters Regression analysis