Original Paper

Aerobiologia

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 107-117

First online:

Airborne pollen sampling in a wildlife reserve in the south of Buenos Aires province, Argentina

  • María Gabriela MurrayAffiliated withLaboratorio de Plantas Vasculares, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur Email author 
  • , Rosemary L. ScoffieldAffiliated withLaboratorio de Plantas Vasculares, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur
  • , Carmen GalánAffiliated withDepartamento de Botánica, Ecología y Fisiología Vegetal, Universidad de Córdoba
  • , Carlos B. VillamilAffiliated withLaboratorio de Plantas Vasculares, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur

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Abstract

The objective of this project was to study the pollen spectrum of the Marahué Wildlife Reserve (Central Argentina), the quantity and quality of airborne pollen grains, and to evaluate the contribution of outside sources, to protect a natural habitat with xerophytic shrub vegetation (“monte”) (the term “monte” is used for the dominant xerophytic shrub vegetation in the “partido” of Villarino) approximately 90 km south of Bahía Blanca. Sampling was performed weekly throughout a whole calendar year (January–December, 2003) using a volumetric impact sampler. Observations of flowering in the field were performed at the same time as the aerial sampling. Herbarium specimens were collected to make pollen collections of the species found in the study area, for reference purposes. The most abundant pollen types were Poaceae (31.3% total annual pollen), Amaranthus/Chenopodiaceae (25.3%), Eucalyptus (5%), Brassicaceae (3.9%), and Plantago (3.9%). This study showed the dispersion dynamics of pollen grains from characteristic species of the “partido” (the province of Buenos Aires is divided into partidos which are roughly equivalent to counties) of Villarino, the exotic flora of the surrounding area, and the pollen types from outside the region.

Keywords

Airborne pollen Argentina Chenopodiaceae Espinal Natural vegetation Poaceae Rotorod sampler