Applied Composite Materials

, 14:89

Study of Structural Morphology of Hemp Fiber from the Micro to the Nanoscale


DOI: 10.1007/s10443-006-9032-9

Cite this article as:
Wang, B., Sain, M. & Oksman, K. Appl Compos Mater (2007) 14: 89. doi:10.1007/s10443-006-9032-9


The focus of this work has been to study how high pressure defibrillation and chemical purification affect the hemp fiber morphology from micro to nanoscale. Microscopy techniques, chemical analysis and X-ray diffraction were used to study the structure and properties of the prepared micro and nanofibers. Microscopy studies showed that the used individualization processes lead to a unique morphology of interconnected web-like structure of hemp fibers. The nanofibers are bundles of cellulose fibers of widths ranging between 30 and 100 nm and estimated lengths of several micrometers. The chemical analysis showed that selective chemical treatments increased the α-cellulose content of hemp nanofibers from 75 to 94%. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) study showed that the pectins were partially removed during the individualization treatments. X-ray analysis showed that the relative crystallinity of the studied fibers increased after each stage of chemical and mechanical treatments. It was also observed that the hemp nanofibers had an increased crystallinity of 71 from 57% of untreated hemp fibers.

Key words

cellulose nanofibershempmicrofibrilsnanostructurescharacterization

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Biocomposites and Biomaterials Processing, Faculty of ForestryUniversity of Toronto Earth and Science CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Manufacturing and Design of Wood and BionanocompositesLuleå University of TechnologySkellefteåSweden