, Volume 115, Issue 1, pp 91-104
Date: 17 Nov 2010

Hopf Bifurcations in a Predator-Prey Diffusion System with Beddington-DeAngelis Response

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This paper is concerned with a two-species predator-prey reaction-diffusion system with Beddington-DeAngelis functional response and subject to homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. By linearizing the system at the positive constant steady-state solution and analyzing the associated characteristic equation in detail, the asymptotic stability of the positive constant steady-state solution and the existence of local Hopf bifurcations are investigated. Also, it is shown that the appearance of the diffusion and homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions can lead to the appearance of codimension two Bagdanov-Takens bifurcation. Moreover, by applying the normal form theory and the center manifold reduction for partial differential equations (PDEs), the explicit algorithm determining the direction of Hopf bifurcations and the stability of bifurcating periodic solutions is given. Finally, numerical simulations supporting the theoretical analysis are also included.

W.-T. Li was supported by NNSF of China (10871085) and the FRFCU (lzujbky-2010-k10).
X.-P. Yan was supported by NNSF of China (10961017) and “Qinglan” Talent Program of Lanzhou Jiaotong University (QL-05-20A).