Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 14–22

The Relationship Between Subconcussive Impacts and Concussion History on Clinical Measures of Neurologic Function in Collegiate Football Players

Authors

  • Sonia M. Gysland
    • Matthew A. Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport ScienceUniversity of North Carolina
  • Jason P. Mihalik
    • Matthew A. Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport ScienceUniversity of North Carolina
  • Johna K. Register-Mihalik
    • Matthew A. Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport ScienceUniversity of North Carolina
  • Scott C. Trulock
    • Campus Health ServicesUniversity of North Carolina
  • Edgar W. Shields
    • Department of Exercise and Sport ScienceUniversity of North Carolina
    • Matthew A. Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport ScienceUniversity of North Carolina
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10439-011-0421-3

Cite this article as:
Gysland, S.M., Mihalik, J.P., Register-Mihalik, J.K. et al. Ann Biomed Eng (2012) 40: 14. doi:10.1007/s10439-011-0421-3

Abstract

Concussions sustained during college and professional football careers have been associated with both acute and chronic neurologic impairment. The contribution of subconcussive impacts to this impairment has not been adequately studied. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between subconcussive impacts and concussion history on clinical measures of neurologic function. Forty-six collegiate football players completed five clinical measures of neurologic function commonly employed in the evaluation of concussion before and after a single season. These tests included the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics, Sensory Organization Test, Standardized Assessment of Concussion, Balance Error Scoring System, and Graded Symptom Checklist. The Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System recorded head impact data including the frequency, magnitude, and location of impacts. College football players sustain approximately 1,000 subconcussive impacts to the head over the course of a season, but for the most part, do not demonstrate any clinically meaningful changes from preseason to postseason on measures of neurologic function. Changes in performance were mostly independent of prior concussion history, and the total number, magnitude and location of sustained impacts over one season as observed R2 values ranged between 0.30 and 0.35. Repetitive subconcussive head impacts over a single season do not appear to result in short-term neurologic impairment, but these relationships should be further investigated for a potential dose–response over a player’s career.

Keywords

Concussion historyCumulative exposureSubconcussive impactsMild traumatic brain injury

Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2011