Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 167–176

Micromixing via recirculatory flow generated by an oscillatory microplate

  • Cheng-Ming Lin
  • Hsin-Ping Liu
  • Yu-Shiang Lai
  • Chan-Chia Tseng
  • Chang-Yu Chen
  • Andrew M. Wo
Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10404-011-0783-8

Cite this article as:
Lin, CM., Liu, HP., Lai, YS. et al. Microfluid Nanofluid (2011) 11: 167. doi:10.1007/s10404-011-0783-8

Abstract

Mixing in micro-environment has been explored in a number of studies. This study presents a unique approach of efficient mixing of two heterogeneous streams via two counter-rotating recirculatory streams induced by in-plane resonance of a rectangular microplate actuated via Lorentz force. The generated time-mean flow structure was interrogated for mixing efficacy over a range of excitation voltage, Reynolds number, and Pèclet number, along with numerical analysis to probe the time-mean flow physics. Results show that the recirculatory flow is generated at the plate’s edges due to local flow non-linearity, characteristic of acoustic streaming. The percentage of mixing, at one device length-scale downstream, attains 93% at a low Reynolds number of 0.0037 (based on mean velocity of 0.078 mm/s and channel height of 50 μm) at 8 V excitation. Further characterization via enhanced diffusivity shows a maximum of 80.7-fold increase. Comparison with other active mixers shows the current device achieves mixing in one of the shortest distances. The proposed approach is robust, tunable to attain desired mixing characteristics and essentially independent of the properties of the fluid medium, which should be useful in a number of microfluidic applications requiring fast mixing.

Keywords

MicrofluidicsMicromixingRecirculatory flowOscillatory plateVorticesLorentz force

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng-Ming Lin
    • 1
  • Hsin-Ping Liu
    • 1
  • Yu-Shiang Lai
    • 1
  • Chan-Chia Tseng
    • 1
  • Chang-Yu Chen
    • 1
  • Andrew M. Wo
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied Mechanics, National Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan