, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 377-390
Date: 30 Nov 2006

Study on a piezoelectric micropump for the controlled drug delivery system

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Abstract

We present the design of a new controlled drug delivery system potential for in vitro injection of diabetics. The system incorporates some integrated circuit units and microelectromechanical system devices, such as micropump, microneedle array and microsensor. Its goal is to achieve safer and more effective drug delivery. Moreover, a valveless micropump excited by the piezoelectric actuator is designed for the drug delivery system, and a simple fabrication process is proposed. A dynamic model is developed for the valveless micropump based upon the mass conservation. To characterize the micropump, a complete electro-solid-fluid coupling model, including the diffuser/nozzle element and the piezoelectric actuator, is built using the ANSYS software. The simulation results show that the performance of micropump is in direct proportion to the stroke volume of the pump membrane and there is an optimal thickness of the piezoelectric membrane under the 500 V/mm electric field. Based on this simulation model, the effects of several important parameters such as excitation voltage, excitation frequency, pump membrane dimension, piezoelectric membrane dimension and mechanical properties on the characteristics of valveless micropump have been investigated.