, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 161-175
Date: 25 Aug 2009

First trimester ultrasound: current approaches and practical pitfalls

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Abstract

Revolutionary technological improvements and high-frequency transvaginal scanning have enabled the resolution of ultrasound imaging in the first trimester to increase such that detailed early fetal development can now be well visualized. This investment in imaging technology has enabled not only normal embryonic development but also chromosomal abnormalities and structural anomalies to be more easily and accurately diagnosed before the second trimester. This article is intended to help radiologists in the interpretation and clinical application of normal and abnormal first trimester ultrasound findings in early pregnancy. We review the current literature and applications and interpretations of first trimester ultrasound.