Creating Sustainable Communities: The Quadruple Bottom Line
- Jan C. Semenza
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Humans seem to have surpassed the environmental limits of the world as we know it (Rockstrom et al. 2009). Environmental degradation and global climate change are some manifestations of the harm we are inflicting on our ecosystem. Fortunately, there are also uplifting examples of humans nurturing their natural habitat and creating sustainable communities in a changing world. A new edited book by Roetman and Daniels (2011) on this topic is worth noticing. It presents a compilation of creative activities currently under way at the Barbara Hardy Institute at the University of South Australia. The authors address carbon and waste reduction strategies, urban design, transport planning, housing, solar power generation, tourism, education, and a number of other issues.
Traditionally, sustainability has been confined by the “triple bottom line” with three overlapping and interdependent goals (Elkington 2004): (1) to live environmentally sustainable or viable in the long-run; 2) to live economic ...
- Rockstrom J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, 3rd, Lambin EF, et al. 2009. A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 461(7263): 472–475. CrossRef
- Roetman PEJ, Daniels CB (2011) Creating sustainable communities in a changing world. Adelaide: Crawford House Publishing, p. 262.
- Elkington J (2004) Enter the triple bottom line. In: Henriques A, Richardson J (eds) The Tripple Bottom Line: Does It All Add Up. EarthScan, London.
- Semenza JC, March TL, Bontempo BD. 2007. Community-initiated urban development: an ecological intervention. J Urban Health 84(1): 8-20. CrossRef
- Semenza JC, Rubin CH, Falter KH, Selanikio JD, Flanders WD, Howe HL, et al. 1996. Heat-related deaths during the July 1995 heat wave in Chicago. N Engl J Med 335(2): 84-90. CrossRef
- Creating Sustainable Communities: The Quadruple Bottom Line
Volume 9, Issue 4 , pp 499-501
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- Jan C. Semenza (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden