EcoHealth

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 80–88

The Ecology of Emerging Infectious Diseases in Migratory Birds: An Assessment of the Role of Climate Change and Priorities for Future Research

  • Trevon Fuller
  • Staffan Bensch
  • Inge Müller
  • John Novembre
  • Javier Pérez-Tris
  • Robert E. Ricklefs
  • Thomas B. Smith
  • Jonas Waldenström
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s10393-012-0750-1

Cite this article as:
Fuller, T., Bensch, S., Müller, I. et al. EcoHealth (2012) 9: 80. doi:10.1007/s10393-012-0750-1

Abstract

Pathogens that are maintained by wild birds occasionally jump to human hosts, causing considerable loss of life and disruption to global commerce. Preliminary evidence suggests that climate change and human movements and commerce may have played a role in recent range expansions of avian pathogens. Since the magnitude of climate change in the coming decades is predicted to exceed climatic changes in the recent past, there is an urgent need to determine the extent to which climate change may drive the spread of disease by avian migrants. In this review, we recommend actions intended to mitigate the impact of emergent pathogens of migratory birds on biodiversity and public health. Increased surveillance that builds upon existing bird banding networks is required to conclusively establish a link between climate and avian pathogens and to prevent pathogens with migratory bird reservoirs from spilling over to humans.

Keywords

influenza A virusmalariasalmonellaWest Nile viruszoonoses

Supplementary material

10393_2012_750_MOESM1_ESM.doc (370 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 370 kb)

Copyright information

© International Association for Ecology and Health 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trevon Fuller
    • 1
  • Staffan Bensch
    • 2
  • Inge Müller
    • 3
  • John Novembre
    • 4
    • 5
  • Javier Pérez-Tris
    • 6
  • Robert E. Ricklefs
    • 7
  • Thomas B. Smith
    • 1
    • 4
  • Jonas Waldenström
    • 8
  1. 1.Center for Tropical Research, Institute of the Environment and SustainabilityUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of EcologyLund UniversityLundSweden
  3. 3.Max Planck Institute for OrnithologyVogelwarte RadolfzellRadolfzellGermany
  4. 4.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Interdepartmental Program in BioinformaticsUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  6. 6.Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  7. 7.Department of BiologyUniversity of Missouri-St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  8. 8.Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, School of Natural SciencesLinnaeus UniversityKalmarSweden