Long-term results of treatment with diquafosol ophthalmic solution for aqueous-deficient dry eye
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- Koh, S., Ikeda, C., Takai, Y. et al. Jpn J Ophthalmol (2013) 57: 440. doi:10.1007/s10384-013-0251-y
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To evaluate the preliminary long-term efficacy of diquafosol ophthalmic solution for aqueous-deficient dry eye.
Fifteen patients with mild-to-moderate aqueous-deficient dry eye were enrolled. After a washout period, the patients were treated with 3 % diquafosol ophthalmic solution for 6 months. We assessed 12 subjective dry eye symptoms, corneal and conjunctival staining with fluorescein, tear film break-up time (BUT), lower tear meniscus height measured with anterior-segment optical coherence tomography, Schirmer’s testing, and adverse reactions at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after the start of treatment.
Treatment with diquafosol ophthalmic solution significantly improved dry eye symptoms, corneal staining, BUT, and tear meniscus height at 1 month and maintained the effectiveness for 6 months. Conjunctival staining significantly improved 3 and 6 months after treatment. No significant adverse reactions developed.
Prolonged use of diquafosol ophthalmic solution for 6 months produced significant improvement both subjectively (dry eye symptom score) and objectively (ocular staining score and tear function tests) for aqueous-deficient dry eye.