Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 440–446

Long-term results of treatment with diquafosol ophthalmic solution for aqueous-deficient dry eye

Authors

    • Department of OphthalmologyOsaka University Graduate School of Medicine
  • Chikako Ikeda
    • Department of OphthalmologyOsaka University Graduate School of Medicine
  • Yoshihiro Takai
    • Department of OphthalmologyOsaka University Graduate School of Medicine
  • Hitoshi Watanabe
    • Department of OphthalmologyOsaka University Graduate School of Medicine
  • Naoyuki Maeda
    • Department of OphthalmologyOsaka University Graduate School of Medicine
  • Kohji Nishida
    • Department of OphthalmologyOsaka University Graduate School of Medicine
Clinical Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s10384-013-0251-y

Cite this article as:
Koh, S., Ikeda, C., Takai, Y. et al. Jpn J Ophthalmol (2013) 57: 440. doi:10.1007/s10384-013-0251-y

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the preliminary long-term efficacy of diquafosol ophthalmic solution for aqueous-deficient dry eye.

Methods

Fifteen patients with mild-to-moderate aqueous-deficient dry eye were enrolled. After a washout period, the patients were treated with 3 % diquafosol ophthalmic solution for 6 months. We assessed 12 subjective dry eye symptoms, corneal and conjunctival staining with fluorescein, tear film break-up time (BUT), lower tear meniscus height measured with anterior-segment optical coherence tomography, Schirmer’s testing, and adverse reactions at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after the start of treatment.

Results

Treatment with diquafosol ophthalmic solution significantly improved dry eye symptoms, corneal staining, BUT, and tear meniscus height at 1 month and maintained the effectiveness for 6 months. Conjunctival staining significantly improved 3 and 6 months after treatment. No significant adverse reactions developed.

Conclusions

Prolonged use of diquafosol ophthalmic solution for 6 months produced significant improvement both subjectively (dry eye symptom score) and objectively (ocular staining score and tear function tests) for aqueous-deficient dry eye.

Keywords

DiquafosolDry eyeTreatmentTear film

Copyright information

© Japanese Ophthalmological Society 2013