, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 589-599
Date: 05 Mar 2008

Patterns of crop damage by wild boar (Sus scrofa)in Luxembourg over a 10-year period

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In many European countries, the wild boar (Sus scrofa) is often associated with crop damage. In this study, we analyse data relating to 13,276 cases of wild boar damage to agricultural crops over a 10-year period in Luxembourg (an area of 2,586 km2 in Western Europe). Results show that (1) damage is more severe in this area than in others; (2) damage to permanent grassland is far more frequent and more severe than damage to annual crops; (3) trichomatous crops such as barley are avoided; (4) damage is seasonally distributed according to type of crop; (5) damage is distributed spatially in a non-uniform manner; (6) damage intensity is significantly correlated with wild boar hunting bags, both over time and space. We suggest that wild boar management strategy should always take into account the issue of damage to agricultural crops. Our results imply that measures for preventing or reducing damage should be more targeted in time and space and that adjustments to cropping patterns should contribute towards a reduction of wild boar damage.

Communicated by C. Gortázar