European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 207–212

Habitat and reproductive phenology of wild boar (Sus scrofa) in the western Iberian Peninsula

  • P. Santos
  • P. Fernández-Llario
  • C. Fonseca
  • A. Monzón
  • P. Bento
  • A. M. V. M. Soares
  • P. Mateos-Quesada
  • F. Petrucci-Fonseca
Short Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s10344-005-0025-z

Cite this article as:
Santos, P., Fernández-Llario, P., Fonseca, C. et al. Eur J Wildl Res (2006) 52: 207. doi:10.1007/s10344-005-0025-z

Abstract

We examined the reproductive phenology of wild boar populations in four regions of the western Iberian Peninsula during the 1999/2000 hunting season (October–February). To estimate conception dates and birth distribution frequencies, we used foetal weights. Regions differed significantly, and we detected a relationship between region and birth distribution frequencies. Throughout the year, food availability had a major influence on the distribution of farrowing. Although a short period of high food availability leads to highly synchronous births, even in relatively harsh environmental conditions, adult females that exploit low-quality food items appear to be able to give birth at any time of the year.

Keywords

Sus scrofaBirth frequency distributionHunting seasonMediterranean Ibero Atlantic Province

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Santos
    • 1
  • P. Fernández-Llario
    • 2
  • C. Fonseca
    • 3
  • A. Monzón
    • 4
  • P. Bento
    • 4
  • A. M. V. M. Soares
    • 3
  • P. Mateos-Quesada
    • 2
  • F. Petrucci-Fonseca
    • 5
  1. 1.Departamento de Ecologia, Colégio Luís António Verney, R. Romão Ramalho 59Universidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología y GeologíaInstituto de Enseñanza Secundaría “Santa Lucía del Trampal”AlcuéscarSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de BiologiaUniversidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Centro de Estudos em Gestão de Ecossistemas, Departamento FlorestalUniversidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Quinta de PradosVila Real CodexPortugal
  5. 5.Departamento Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências C2Universidade Clássica de LisboaCampo GrandePortugal