, Volume 132, Issue 2, pp 379-396,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 19 Feb 2013

How to quantify forest management intensity in Central European forests


Existing approaches for the assessment of forest management intensity lack a widely accepted, purely quantitative measure for ranking a set of forest stands along a gradient of management intensity. We have developed a silvicultural management intensity indicator (SMI) which combines three main characteristics of a given stand: tree species, stand age and aboveground, living and dead wooden biomass. Data on these three factors are used as input to represent the risk of stand loss, which is a function of tree species and stand age, and stand density, which is a function of the silvicultural regime, stand age and tree species. Consequently, the indicator consists of a risk component (SMIr) and a density component (SMId). We used SMI to rank traditional management of the main Central European tree species: Norway spruce (Picea abies [Karst.] L.), European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), and oak (Quercus robur L. and Quercus petraea L.). By analysing SMI over their whole rotation period, we found the following ranking of management intensity: oak

A previous version of the article was published online. Due to a misunderstanding, stand data were used which were not released. The authors apologized for this unintended misunderstanding and retracted the article (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-012-0659-9). The present version is based on their own data.
Communicated by J. Müller and H. Pretzsch.