Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 86, Issue 2, pp 309–320

Behavioral responses of Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) to four essential oils in Thailand


  • Kornwika Suwansirisilp
    • Department of Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureKasetsart University
  • Suraphon Visetson
    • Department of Zoology, Faculty of SciencesKasetsart University
  • Atchariya Prabaripai
    • Division of Computer and Statistics, Faculty of Liberal Art and ScienceKasetsart University
  • Somchai Tanasinchayakul
    • Department of Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureKasetsart University
  • John P. Grieco
    • Department of Preventive Medicine and BiometricsUniformed Services University of Health Sciences
  • Michael J. Bangs
    • Public Health & Malaria Control DepartmentJl. Kertajasa
    • Department of Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureKasetsart University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10340-012-0464-8

Cite this article as:
Suwansirisilp, K., Visetson, S., Prabaripai, A. et al. J Pest Sci (2013) 86: 309. doi:10.1007/s10340-012-0464-8


The behavioral effects of four essential oils extracted from orange peel (Citrus aurantium L.), cinnamon leaf (Cinnamomum verum J. Presl), citronella grass (Cymbopogonwinterianus Jowitt), and clove flower [Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry] were evaluated against two medically important species of mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti (L.) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say, using an excito-repellency test system. Ae. aegypti was collected from a small village in Kanchanaburi Province and Culex quinquefasciatus was captured from an urban area of Bangkok. Mosquitoes from the F1–F3 generations were tested in the excito-repellency test chamber for contact excitation and non-contact spatial repellency. Results showed that both species demonstrated varying levels of behavioral escape responses to different essential oils, showing a clear dose response depending on percent w/v concentration used. Orange oil produced the least response in both mosquito species, while citronella and clove the greatest. In general, Cx. quinquefasciatus exhibited much stronger behavioral responses to all four essential oils than Ae. aegypti. From this study, we conclude that the essential oils from various botanical sources should continue to be screened for protective properties against mosquitoes and other biting arthropods.


Aedes aegyptiCulex quinquefasciatusEssential oilsBehavioral responsesExcito-repellency test system

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012