Earliest fossil record of the Certhioidea (treecreepers and allies) from the early Miocene of Germany
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- Manegold, A. J Ornithol (2008) 149: 223. doi:10.1007/s10336-007-0263-9
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A complete tarsometatarsus of a passerine bird from the early Miocene (MN 3) of Petersbuch (Bavaria, Germany) is identified as an extinct representative of the climbing Certhioidea, i.e., a clade comprising treecreepers (Certhiidae), nuthatches and wallcreepers (Sittidae). The fossil specimen represents the so far earliest evidence of a representative of the Certhioidea and is described as †Certhiops rummeli gen. et sp. nov. Similarities to other climbing passerines are discussed.