, Volume 149, Issue 2, pp 223-228

Earliest fossil record of the Certhioidea (treecreepers and allies) from the early Miocene of Germany

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Abstract

A complete tarsometatarsus of a passerine bird from the early Miocene (MN 3) of Petersbuch (Bavaria, Germany) is identified as an extinct representative of the climbing Certhioidea, i.e., a clade comprising treecreepers (Certhiidae), nuthatches and wallcreepers (Sittidae). The fossil specimen represents the so far earliest evidence of a representative of the Certhioidea and is described as †Certhiops rummeli gen. et sp. nov. Similarities to other climbing passerines are discussed.

Communicated by F. Bairlein.