Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 263–273

Combining prospective motion correction and distortion correction for EPI: towards a comprehensive correction of motion and susceptibility-induced artifacts

Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10334-010-0225-8

Cite this article as:
Boegle, R., Maclaren, J. & Zaitsev, M. Magn Reson Mater Phy (2010) 23: 263. doi:10.1007/s10334-010-0225-8



State-of-the-art MR techniques that rely on echo planar imaging (EPI), such as real-time fMRI, are limited in their applicability by both subject motion and B0 field inhomogeneities. The goal of this work is to demonstrate that in principle it is possible to accurately predict the B0 field inhomogeneities that occur during echo planar imaging in the presence of large scale head motion and apply this knowledge for distortion correction.

Materials and methods

In this work, prospective motion correction is combined with a field-prediction method and a method for correcting geometric distortions in EPI. To validate the methods, echo planar images were acquired of a custom-made phantom rotated to different angles relative to the B0 field. For each orientation, field maps were acquired for comparison with the field predictions.


The calculated field maps are very similar to the measured field maps for all orientations used in the experiments. The root mean squared error (RMSE) of the difference maps was between 15 to 20 Hz. The quality of distortion correction using calculated field maps is comparable to distortion correction done with measured field maps.


The results suggest that distortion-free echo planar imaging of moving objects may be feasible if prospective motion correction is combined with a field inhomogeneity estimation approach.


EPI distortion correctionProspective motion correctionSusceptibility-induced artifactsMagnetic susceptibilityField inhomogeneity prediction



Echo planar imaging


Gradient echo (gradient recalled echo)


Functional magnetic resonance imaging


Parts per million


Polyvinyl chloride

Copyright information

© ESMRMB 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology Medical PhysicsUniversity Hospital FreiburgFreiburgGermany