, Volume 11, Issue 1-4, pp 583-591

Lasting effects of controlled irrigation during rice-growing season on nitrous oxide emissions from winter wheat croplands in Southeast China

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Abstract

Nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from croplands in China is a serious environmental concern. Water management is an important factor in regulating N2O emissions from croplands. In China, controlled irrigation (CI) is one mode of the water-saving irrigation for rice and is widely used. This study aims to assess the lasting effects of CI on N2O emissions from winter wheat croplands in Southeast China, with traditional irrigation (TI) as the control. CI performed during the rice-growing season had obvious lasting effects on N2O emissions of the subsequent winter wheat-growing season. Compared with TI, CI significantly increased the cumulative N2O emission by 129.1 % during the rice-growing season (p < 0.05), but significantly decreased it by 47.7 % during the wheat season (p < 0.05). Continuous flooding of the TI during most of the rice-growing season resulted in an increase in N2O emissions during the winter wheat-growing season. Over the whole annual cycle, the cumulative N2O emission from the plots under CI during the rice-growing season was 5.3 kg N2O–N ha−1, which was 103.2 % of that under TI (p > 0.05). The results suggest that CI does not significantly increase the cumulative N2O emission from the rice–winter wheat rotation systems while insuring rice and wheat yields. This study focuses on the lasting effects of water-saving irrigation mode during rice-growing season on N2O emissions during the following wheat-growing season. Thus, it is a development and complement of the previous researches on the effects of water-saving irrigation on N2O emissions from rice–winter wheat rotation croplands.