, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 89-90
Date: 15 Oct 2010

T. Nishida, K. Zamma, T. Matsusaka, A. Inaba, W.C. McGrew: Chimpanzee Behavior in the Wild: An Audio-Visual Encyclopedia

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Chimpanzees have a number of science firsts. They have been studied continuously in the wild for longer than any other species; they were the first species shown to have cultural traditions; they were the first for which individuals were systematically observed as focal targets continuously from dawn to dusk; and now they are the first species to be the subject of an audio-visual ethogram, a novelty likely to have as much significance of any of the others.

The Audio-Visual Encyclopedia is a concept created by Toshisada Nishida and his colleagues with the objective of providing video footage for “an exhaustive listing of behavioral patterns”. It consists of a book and two DVDs. The book’s main section is a Glossary of 182 pages in which an impressive 983 behavioral patterns of chimpanzees are defined and/or described, including 892 from Mahale and 44 from elsewhere. In other sections the authors describe the methods used to select and categorize the behavior, provide a historical perspec