Original Article


, 51:43

First online:

Behavioral modifications in northern bearded saki monkeys (Chiropotes satanas chiropotes) in forest fragments of central Amazonia

  • Sarah Ann BoyleAffiliated withSchool of Life Sciences, Arizona State UniversityBiological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Smithsonian Tropical Research InstituteBiology Department, Rhodes College Email author 
  • , Andrew T. SmithAffiliated withSchool of Life Sciences, Arizona State University

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We investigated behavioral differences among seven groups of northern bearded saki monkeys (Chiropotes satanas chiropotes) living in five forest fragments and two areas of continuous forest at the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project study area, located approximately 80 km north of Manaus, Brazil. We collected data in six research cycles from July–August 2003 to January 2005–April 2006. When bearded saki monkeys were present in a study area, we followed the group from dawn until dusk for three consecutive days. Every 5 min, we conducted behavioral scans of all visible individuals. There was a positive relationship between forest size and group size, but animals in the small forest fragments lived at greater densities. Bearded saki monkeys in the smaller fragments spent more time resting, less time traveling, and less time vocalizing, but there was no relationship between forest size and the amount of time spent feeding. Our results indicate that the main behavioral differences among the groups are related to the amount of forest resources (e.g., fruit trees, space) available to the monkeys in the smaller fragments, as well as the resulting smaller group sizes. We stress the need to preserve large tracts of forest and provide connectivity between forest patches.


Activity budget Brazil Chiropotes Conservation Fragmentation