, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 227–231

Clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) predation on proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus) in Sabah, Malaysia

Short communication

DOI: 10.1007/s10329-008-0085-2

Cite this article as:
Matsuda, I., Tuuga, A. & Higashi, S. Primates (2008) 49: 227. doi:10.1007/s10329-008-0085-2


In this study, we have reported two direct observations of individuals from a one-male group of proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus) being killed by clouded leopards (Neofelis diardi) in the riverine forest along the Menanggul river, a tributary of the Kinabatangan river in Sabah, Malaysia. One of the two individuals was an infant female and the other was a juvenile female. Based on literature reviews and the observations reported here, we suggest that clouded leopard and crocodile might be significant potential predators of proboscis monkeys of any age or sex and that predation threats elicit the monkeys’ anti-predator strategies. Moreover, the observations of the monkeys’ behaviour when the group is attacked by a predator suggest that the adult males in one-male groups play an important role as protectors.


PredationProboscis monkeyClouded leopardBehaviour

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre and Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental Earth ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Sabah Wildlife DepartmentWisma MUISKota KinabaluMalaysia