Primates

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 9–15

Body mass of wild ring-tailed lemurs in Berenty Reserve, Madagascar, with reference to tick infestation: a preliminary analysis

  • Naoki Koyama
  • Mitsuru Aimi
  • Yoshi Kawamoto
  • Hirohisa Hirai
  • Yasuhiro Go
  • Shinichiro Ichino
  • Yukio Takahata
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10329-007-0051-4

Cite this article as:
Koyama, N., Aimi, M., Kawamoto, Y. et al. Primates (2008) 49: 9. doi:10.1007/s10329-007-0051-4

Abstract

In 1999, we measured the body mass of 101 wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) inhabiting the Berenty Reserve, Madagascar. In addition, we counted the number of ticks [Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) lemuris Hoogstraal, 1953] infesting their facial skin and external auditory meatuses. For both males and females, the body mass appeared to increase until the age of 3 years. With the apparent exception of infants, there were no sexual differences in body mass. Within a group, higher-ranked adult males tended to be heavier than lower-ranked males. In contrast, there was no consistent correlation between the body mass of females and their ranks. Among the study groups, there was a small difference in body mass and significant difference in the number of ticks infesting the facial skin and external auditory meatuses. In particular, lemurs of a group who inhabited an area of gallery forest in the study area exhibited the smallest values of body mass and were severely infested with ticks. Such group variations were not consistently correlated with the reproductive parameters of the study groups. In three groups moderately infested with ticks, ticks infested adult males and subadults more heavily than adult females, juveniles, and infants.

Keywords

Body mass Ectoparasites Lemur catta Primates Sexual dimorphism 

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre and Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoki Koyama
    • 1
  • Mitsuru Aimi
    • 2
  • Yoshi Kawamoto
    • 2
  • Hirohisa Hirai
    • 2
  • Yasuhiro Go
    • 3
  • Shinichiro Ichino
    • 4
  • Yukio Takahata
    • 5
  1. 1.The Center for African Area StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.The Graduate University for Advanced StudiesHayamaJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Asian and African Area StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  5. 5.School of Policy StudiesKwansei Gakuin UniversitySandaJapan