, Volume 75, Issue 2, pp 101-109
Date: 14 Feb 2009

Chromosome constitution of hybrid strains constructed by protoplast fusion between the tomato and strawberry pathotypes of Alternaria alternata

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

To analyze the genetics of host-specific toxin production and its relation to the specific pathogenicity of a mitosporic fungus Alternaria alternata, we developed a protoplast fusion system. Protoplasts of drug-resistant transformants of the A. alternata tomato pathotype (AAL-toxin producer) and A. alternata strawberry pathotype (AF-toxin producer) were fused by electrofusion. Of five fusion strains examined, two strains were pathogenic on both tomato and strawberry host plants, whereas the rest of the fusion strains were pathogenic only on tomato. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis demonstrated that the hybrid strains pathogenic on both tomato and strawberry carry 1.0- and 1.05-Mb conditionally dispensable (CD) chromosomes derived, respectively, from the parental strains of the tomato and strawberry pathotypes. On the other hand, the fusion strains appeared to maintain only a single homologous chromosome derived from one of the parental strain in the case of essential chromosomes (A chromosomes). The results suggest that fusion strains between two different pathotypes of A. alternata might be haploid resulting from the deletion of extra sets of essential chromosomes in the fused nuclei, whereas the CD chromosomes derived from each parental strain could be maintained stably in a new genetic background with an expanded range of pathogenicity.

The nucleotide sequence data reported are available in the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank database under the accession numbers AB469331to AB469354.