, Volume 75, Issue 1, pp 37-45

Pathogenic variation and molecular characterization of Fusarium species isolated from wilted Welsh onion in Japan

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Abstract

Thirty-two isolates of Fusarium species were obtained from wilted Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum) grown on nine farms from six regions in Japan and identified as F. oxysporum (18 isolates), F. verticillioides (7 isolates), and F. solani (7 isolates). The pathogenicity of 32 isolates was tested on five commercial cultivars of Welsh onion and two cultivars of bulb onion in a seedling assay in a greenhouse. The Fusarium isolates varied in the degree of disease severity on the cultivars. Five F. oxysporum isolates (08, 15, 17, 22, and 30) had a higher virulence on the cultivars than the other isolates. The host range of these five isolates was limited to Allium species. Molecular characterization of Fusarium isolates was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of ribosomal DNA. The 32 isolates were grouped into eight types (four types for F. oxysporum, one for F. verticillioides, and three for F. solani). Restriction patterns of the ITS region were not related to pathogenicity. However, the haplotypes obtained with five enzymes (RsaI, HinfI, HaeIII, ScrFI, and MspI) and the phylogenetic analysis permitted the discernment of the three Fusarium species. The PCR-RFLP analysis should provide a rapid, simple method for differentiating Fusaruim species isolated from wilted Welsh onion in Japan.