Iodine sequestration using delafossites and layered hydroxides
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- Pless, J.D., Benjamin Chwirka, J. & Krumhansl, J.L. Environ Chem Lett (2007) 5: 85. doi:10.1007/s10311-006-0084-8
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The objective of this document is to report on the early success for sequestering 129I. Sorption coefficients (Kd) for I− and IO3− onto delafossites, spinels and layered metal hydroxides were measured and compared for their applicability to sequester 129I. The studies were performed using a dilute fluid composition representative of groundwater indigenous to the Yucca mountain area. Delafossites generally exhibited relatively poor sorption coefficients (<35 mL/g). In contrast, the composition of the layered hydroxides significantly affects their ability to sorb I. Cu/Al and Cu/Cr layered hydroxide samples exhibit Kd’s greater than 1000 mL/g for both I− and IO3−.