Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 85–89

Iodine sequestration using delafossites and layered hydroxides

  • Jason D. Pless
  • J. Benjamin Chwirka
  • James L. Krumhansl
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10311-006-0084-8

Cite this article as:
Pless, J.D., Benjamin Chwirka, J. & Krumhansl, J.L. Environ Chem Lett (2007) 5: 85. doi:10.1007/s10311-006-0084-8

Abstract

The objective of this document is to report on the early success for sequestering 129I. Sorption coefficients (Kd) for I and IO3 onto delafossites, spinels and layered metal hydroxides were measured and compared for their applicability to sequester 129I. The studies were performed using a dilute fluid composition representative of groundwater indigenous to the Yucca mountain area. Delafossites generally exhibited relatively poor sorption coefficients (<35 mL/g). In contrast, the composition of the layered hydroxides significantly affects their ability to sorb I. Cu/Al and Cu/Cr layered hydroxide samples exhibit Kd’s greater than 1000 mL/g for both I and IO3.

Keywords

Iodide sequestrationIodate sequestrationHydrotalcitesDelafossites

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason D. Pless
    • 1
  • J. Benjamin Chwirka
    • 1
  • James L. Krumhansl
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA