Succinic acid production from sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate by Actinobacillus succinogenes
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- Borges, E.R. & Pereira, N. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol (2011) 38: 1001. doi:10.1007/s10295-010-0874-7
Succinic acid, a four-carbon diacid, has been the focus of many research projects aimed at developing more economically viable methods of fermenting sugar-containing natural materials. Succinic acid fermentation processes also consume CO2, thereby potentially contributing to reductions in CO2 emissions. Succinic acid could also become a commodity used as an intermediate in the chemical synthesis and manufacture of synthetic resins and biodegradable polymers. Much attention has been given recently to the use of microorganisms to produce succinic acid as an alternative to chemical synthesis. We have attempted to maximize succinic acid production by Actinobacillus succinogenes using an experimental design methodology for optimizing the concentrations of the medium components. The first experiment consisted of a 24−1 fractional factorial design, and the second entailed a Central Composite Rotational Design so as to achieve optimal conditions. The optimal concentrations of nutrients predicted by the model were: NaHCO3, 10.0 g l−1; MgSO4, 3.0 g l−1; yeast extract, 2.0 g l−1; KH2PO4. 5.0 g l−1; these were experimentally validated. Under the best conversion conditions, as determined by statistical analysis, the production of succinic acid was carried out in an instrumented bioreactor using sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate, yielding a concentration of 22.5 g l−1.