, Volume 35, Issue 9, pp 931-945
Date: 17 May 2008

Molecular and phenotypic comparison of phaeochromycin-producing strains of Streptomyces phaeochromogenes and Streptomyces ederensis

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Streptomyces strain LL-P018 produces the phaeochromycins, novel anti-inflammatory polyketides. This organism was identified as a strain of Streptomyces phaeochromogenes by physiological and genetic taxonomic analysis. In order to gain greater taxonomic perspective, LL-P018 was compared to related strains from major culture collections by 16S rRNA gene sequence, ribotype, HPLC–MS metabolite profile, and rpoB sequence. Using BioNumerics software, genetic and chemical fingerprint data were integrated via multivariate cluster analysis into a single, robust comparison. Based upon this analysis, strain LL-P018 is very closely related to the type strains of both S. phaeochromogenes and Streptomyces ederensis, indicating that these two types may in fact represent a single species. This novel comparative multi-cluster analysis is most useful for clarifying relationships between closely related species.