, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 535-548

The ratio test for future GNSS ambiguity resolution

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Abstract

The performance of the popular ambiguity ratio test is analyzed. Based on experimental and simulated data, it is demonstrated that the current usage of the ratio test with fixed critical value is not sustainable in light of the enhanced variability that future global navigation satellite system (GNSS) ambiguity resolution will bring. As its replacement, the model-driven ratio test with fixed failure rate is proposed. The characteristics of this fixed-failure rate ratio test are described, and a performance analysis is given. The relation between its critical value and various GNSS model parameters is also studied. Finally, a procedure is presented for the creation of fixed failure rate look-up tables for the critical values of the ratio test.