Review of World Economics

, Volume 141, Issue 4, pp 693–731

Location Choice and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals

  • Sascha O. Becker
  • Karolina Ekholm
  • Robert Jäckle
  • Marc-Andreas Muendler

DOI: 10.1007/s10290-005-0052-6

Cite this article as:
Becker, S., Ekholm, K., Jäckle, R. et al. Rev. World Econ. (2005) 141: 693. doi:10.1007/s10290-005-0052-6


Using data on German and Swedish multinational enterprises (MNEs), this paper analyzes determinants of location choice and the degree of substitutability of labor across locations. Countries with highly skilled labor strongly attract German but not necessarily Swedish MNEs. In MNEs from either country, affiliate employment tends to substitute for employment at the parent firm. At the margin, substitutability is the strongest with respect to affiliate employment in Western Europe. A one percent larger wage gap between Germany and locations in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) is associated with 760 fewer jobs at German parents and 4,620 more jobs at affiliates in CEE. A one percent larger wage gap between Sweden and CEE is associated with 140 fewer jobs at Swedish parents and 260 more jobs at affiliates in CEE.


Multinational enterpriseslocation choicemultinomial choicelabor demandtranslog cost function

Copyright information

© Kiel Institute for World Economics 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sascha O. Becker
    • 1
  • Karolina Ekholm
    • 2
  • Robert Jäckle
    • 3
  • Marc-Andreas Muendler
    • 4
  1. 1.Center for Economic StudiesUniversity of MünchenMünchenGermany
  2. 2.Stockholm School of EconomicsStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Ifo InstituteMünchenGermany
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA